Latin Names during Lent

As you consider the church year, some of the names and terms may be unfamiliar to you. The ancient church would begin the service in the name of the Triune God with a confession of sin, an absolution followed by the Introit. The introit was similar to our modern-day call to worship. The word introit means “entrance” or “beginning” and is a brief Psalm for the day. The subject of the introit for the day becomes the name for that particular Sunday. For instance, the introit for the second Sunday in Lent begins, “Remember, O Lord, thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses”. And so the Latin name for the second Sunday in Lent is Reminiscere Sunday – which is the Latin word for “Remember”. The Introit for the fifth Sunday in lent begins “Judge me, O God: and plead my cause against an ungodly nation.” And so the Latin name for the fifth Sunday in Lent is “Judica” Sunday since Judica is the Latin term for Judge. Not all of the Sundays are ordered this way. For instance Septuagesima, Sexagesima, and Quinquagesima Sundays are not based upon the subject of the Introit but designate approximately 70, 60 and 50 days before Easter.